Start by standing up and looking within the mirror with your hands pressed tough against your hips. Then put your hands above your head. In every position, look at your breasts and look at them for symmetry, discoloration, modifications in skin texture, warmth, skin “dimpling” or indentations associated with skin creases, redness. Then appear at your nipple. Are there any modifications for example nipple inversion, scaling, pinkness or redness? Includes a nipple been itching? Then lie down. Do not examine your breasts standing up in a shower and/or in a rotary fashion-you can’t be sure you are examining the whole breast. Use either wet, soapy fingers or oil on your fingers to look at your breasts.
Even the tiniest lump or bump can be detected with slippery fingers. Begin at the center edge of your collar bone (clavicle) just above your breast area bone and, pressing deeply, move your four fingers (thumb excluded) back and forth (nearly as if you were having long, sustained shudders), going down the whole length of your breast to around 3 inches below the lowest part of your breast area. When you’ve completed examining this first strip of breast tissue, overlap the first strip and use the same technique to go down the adjacent strip of your breast area. Continue in this fashion until you’ve totally covered your breast area and have extended beyond it by about two to 3 inches recommended quiz.
Next, look at each nipple and squeeze it to see if any fluid comes out. If so, what color is it-red, brown, green? Also note if the nipple is red or pink, scaly, or itchy. The value of such an exam is that you’re using a firm area, your chest wall, against which to press your breasts. If your breasts are large, pendulous, and floppy, roll yourself around so that you can always look at your breast against your firm chest wall. When you have completed examining your breast area with deep pressure, repeat your exam utilizing gentle pressure. Your breast will really feel entirely different during the two exams. The texture of a normal breast is like oatmeal: it is not smooth. Numerous tiny, typical glands contribute to this texture. A dominant mass is 1 that stands out from the oatmeal-like background and doesn’t merge with the underlying tissue whenever you flatten your fingers and rub over the surface of the lump.
If you find a dominant mass, note regardless of whether it includes a smooth, slippery surface or a slightly rough surface. Notice also whether it is mobile or attached to surrounding, contiguous tissue, drawing the overlying skin down and producing an indentation or dimple in the skin. Now make a diagram of your breasts, being sure that you simply date your diagram and note where you see and/or feel any abnormalities. Specify regardless of whether you see any modifications inside your breast area from the sort noted in the mirror. You are able to think of the breast as a clock: twelve o’clock is at the top/center of every breast area, while 3 o’clock is at the outside of the left breast and on the inside of your correct breast area. Some common kitchen items are reasonable estimates of size. For example, a garden pea is around 1 centimeter. A pitted olive is about two centimeters. A small egg is 3 to four centimeters. Note regardless of whether any mass that you really feel is tender.
Again, if you have any nipple modifications or discharges, note them. Your diagram is going to be extremely valuable if you bring it to show the radiologist reading your mammograms, and to your examining physician. After you’ve completed the examination of the breasts, turn your attention to the lymph nodes inside your armpit-your axilla. Relax your arm so that the axilla is going to be soft. Place your four fingers (excluding the thumb) as high within the axilla as you are able to get. Then sweep downward, pressing against the hard area of the chest wall as you go. This maneuver will probably require some practice. You may need to perform it repeatedly to check for any firm, pea-sized structure inside your axilla.